Tours to Ghana, the land of the ancient kingdoms in Africa
A must for our tours to Africa is a visit to the land of the ancient kingdoms, Ghana. TransAfrica will make you enjoy a pleasant adventure between the Ashanti kingdom, the kingdom of gold and the multitude of landscapes that can be found by exploring the country.
Ghana overlooks the Gulf of Guinea, between the Ivory Coast and Togo, and extends from the coast to the steppe plain of the hinterland, which widens towards the east, while to the west it is covered by lush rainforest vegetation. Continuing north, green hills turn into savannah until it changes again, on the border with Burkina Faso, in the arid Sahel. To the east the Akwapim hills continue to the north along the border with Togo. The Volta Nero and Volta Bianco rivers flow into Ghana from the north, flowing into the large basin of Lake Volta. On the coast we find the castles of the slave trade of Elmina and Cape Coast, surrounded by fishing villages; to the north the traditional populations, the Lobi and the Gurunsi, with their fortified houses.
Tours to Ghana among the Ashanti people
The history of Ghana is strongly characterized by the greatness of the Ashanti empire, which reached its peak in the late seventeenth century. The capital of the empire, Kumasi, at that time became one of the most beautiful and avant-garde cities in Africa: a good number of Europeans lived there as administrators and consultants. The social organization of the Ashanti focuses on the figure of Ashantehene, the king. An unforgettable experience to live with TransAfrica is the participation in a typical Ashanti funeral, attended by the deceased’s family, friends and acquaintances wearing their traditional dress: a large red or black cloth worn like a toga. The feast of Akwasidae is also very suggestive and celebrates the beginning of the month according to the traditional calendar.
Colonialism and its heritage
The European presence in Ghana, which dates back to the mid-fifteenth century, when the Portuguese first arrived there, is still visible from the many colonial forts, used as deposits and boarding points for gold, ivory and unfortunately also for slaves: reason why this land was called the Gold Coast and only became a British colony in the late 19th century after the fall of the last Ashanti resistance. Ghana was also the first African nation to achieve independence in 1957.
Ghana retains ancient castles and forts which were used during the slave trade as deposits for the slaves themselves and other wares. Cape Coast Castle, built in the 16th century, and later renovated and enlarged, served as the base for the British administration of the Gold Coast until 1877. A little further to the west is Elmina Castle, the first Portuguese settlement in Ghana dating back to the second half of the fifteenth century, now transformed into a small museum after a skilful restoration and main testimony to the horrors of the slave trade. The region is inhabited by infantrymen who share common origins with the Ashanti: both come from the same ethnic group as the Akan.
The ethnic groups living in Ghana are many and often also very different from each other, the whole region is one of the most interesting and fascinating not only in West Africa, but in Africa in general. Travel to Africa with TransAfrica allows you to approach all these people, listen to their languages, get to know their cultures to appreciate their diversity, sometimes getting closer to what we have now forgotten.