Tours to Guinea Bissau, the African country with two carnivals
Our tours to Guinea Bissau take you to one of the countries still unknown to most people but certainly of rare beauty and uniqueness. Guinea Bissau can be considered a little Brazil in West Africa, especially because of the great celebrations for the two carnivals. Formerly a Portuguese colony named Portuguese Guinea, Guinea Bissau gained independence from Portugal in September 1973, then recognized a year later. The original name was added to that of the capital Bissau, in order to prevent confusion with the neighboring state of Guinea, a former French colony.
To give you an idea of its territory, it is as large as Belgium, thirty-six languages are spoken and it is considered the country with the highest linguistic diversity, lastly it is inhabited by 1,500,000 people. The archipelago of the 88 Bijagos Islands, scattered in the ocean in front of Bissau, is the largest in Africa and fascinates with its natural and ethnic attractions. It also houses the largest colony of sea turtles on the Atlantic side of the African continent. About one million migratory birds pass through the country on their routes to the south or back to the north. In short, it is one of the most particular tours to Africa thanks to the wealth of nature, fauna and traditional cultures.
Tours to Guinea Bissau: the four areas of the country
From east to west, we find the archipelago of the Bijagos Islands, a world heritage site for UNESCO. The semi-marshy coast is characterized by five large estuaries, which previously represented the main penetration routes in the country: Rio Cacheu, Rio Geba, Rio Grande de Buba, Rio Cumbjia and Rio Cacine. Continuing inland, we find a shrubby plain in the north while in the south there is room for the forest. In the far west, a plateau rises which gradually joins the Fouta Djallon. The capital Bissau is called the most Mediterranean capital of Black Africa: a piece of the Mediterranean in sub-Saharan Africa. The capital is characterized by Portuguese colonial architecture, districts where Portuguese, kriol and other local languages are mixed, by places where people get together and popular festivals called “verveinas” where you can watch the traditional “foukoudourou” dance with samba steps.
Fauna and curiosity
Fauna varies with the environment. Hippopotamuses and numerous varieties of fish live in the waterways. Inland, it is possible to meet chimpanzees, antelopes, buffaloes and an extraordinary variety of birds, including cranes and peregrine falcons.
Another peculiarity of the country is the island of Bolama, the first in which the Portuguese settled for their commercial needs. In fact, it became the capital of the colony and was built and enriched by it. Since, however, the capital was moved to Bissau in 1941, Bolama seems to have turned into a ghost town: for this reason it deserves to be visited.
The meeting point between western culture and local sensitivity is carnival, a special event for the life of the country, which celebration takes place for days, starting from the Bijagos island to the capital.