Tours to Senegal, polyhedral country and destination of TransAfrica
The tours to Senegal are one of our most multifaceted travels in Africa and rich in different experiences. From Gorée, the island of slaves, to the Park of Djoudj, a paradise for millions of sedentary and migratory birds. From the colonial atmosphere of Saint Louis to the sacred city of Touba. From the Peul who nomadize in the north to the fortified houses of the Diula of the Casamance.
The territory of Senegal extends for about 200,000 km² in the extreme western part of Sudanese Africa, on the hydrographic left of the homonymous river and on the hydrographic areas of some smaller rivers; while in the west it overlooks the Atlantic ocean. The Senegalese territory extends into the so-called Sahel, the transition zone between the arid Saharan and wet regions of Guinean Africa. The Senegalese population is made up of different ethnic groups. The majority is that of the Wolof, which makes up about 43% of the population. The language constitutes a sort of national lingua franca together with French.
Senegal is a country that has so much to offer to those who visit it. Starting from Dakar, a lively and large African metropolis that was the intellectual and cultural “capital” of French West Africa. In front of Dakar, the island of Gorée, which was a collection point for slaves destined for the Americas. Numerous vestiges are still preserved from that time. Today the island has become an excursion destination not only for its history, but also for the pleasant climate, always refreshed by the sea breeze and for the numerous and nice restaurants and boutiques.
Travel to Africa: Senegal
Continuing the journey in the Senegalese territories, in the north there is the Djoudj Park, a “natural oasis” consisting of hundreds of partially flooded kilometers, a sort of “wet paradise” close to the desert. The park, declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is inhabited by over a million birds, both sedentary and migratory, which nest here.
Still in the north, Saint Louis was built on two large islands between the Senegal River and the ocean. This lively town deserves special attention for its history and colonial atmospheres. The city, close to the estuary of the Senegal river, was an outpost of the French colonial penetration. The best way to discover the colonial streets and fishermen’s quarters is by horse-drawn carriage, still in vogue among the population. In the northern savannah live communities of Peul, the largest breeders in West Africa. These populations have a great diversity of traditions, they all share the common cult of beauty, which suits well their Nilotic features.
In Senegal, the majority of the population is Muslim. Landmark is the sacred city of Tuba, where about 500,000 followers of the Muridi brotherhood live. During the main pilgrimage, called “Grand Magal“, the city attracts from one to two million pilgrims: its inhabitants are very welcoming and proud to show their mosques.
The region of Casamance, predominantly animist and catholic is in the south of Gambia, which is wedged in Senegal, is the Casamance region. Of particular interest are the clay architectures of the Diola. Impluvium houses, authentic “fortified” buildings, where the harmony of forms and the fusion of traditional materials (wood and clay) make it a beautiful example of “sculptural architecture”.