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Travel to Mauritania, one of the provinces of Western Sahara


Travel to Mauritania, one of the provinces of Western Sahara


Travel to Mauritania will lead you to discover the border between the Arab world and black Africa. It is a West African country that borders Western Sahara to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Senegal to the south west, Mali to the south and east, and Algeria to the north east.

Travel to Mauritania, to discover the area

The territory mainly consists of sandy and rocky desert. Located in the north, near Zouérate, there is the main peak of the village “Kediet ej Jill” 915 meters high. There are also two mountain massifs, Adrare and Tagant, which do not exceed 600 meters above sea level. At their feet, large plateaus stretch out which characterize the northern and eastern parts of Mauritania. The only waterway that crosses the country is the Senegal River.

The climate is characterized by three climatic regions. Nouakchott has constant maritime influence and trade winds; then, there is the climate region of the Senegal River with high temperatures for almost seven months a year (the wetter climate favors the savannah); and finally, we find the Saharan region with a torrid climate with temperatures that can exceed 45 ° and with strong daily temperature variations.

75% of Mauritania is made up of the desert, with vast flat expanses, rocky plateaus and sand dunes. The desert stretches from the Nouakchott area to the south. The country has almost 700 km of coastline, while southern Mauritania is made up of scrubland. In desert regions, the camel is the most common animal. Giraffes and lions, on the other hand, have long since disappeared, the victims of desertification and hunting. A species at risk of extinction, but one that can still be spotted, if you are lucky, is the monk seal, found off Cap Blanc. Mauritania is a paradise for bird watchers. In fact, between Nouâdhibou and Nouakchott, the Parc National du Banc d’Arguin extends, where in winter hundreds of thousands of birds migrate from Europe. It is one of the most important breeding areas in the world for birds, and is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

The population of Mauritania

Regarding the ethnicity, the population is made up of 30% Arabs, 30% blacks and 40% individuals of mixed origin (Arab-black). The relationship between the black-African community and that of Arab origin is still characterized by strong contrasts. Most of the population professes the Islam, especially the Sunni confession. Other religions are tolerated, and there are small communities of Catholics and other Christians. The official language is Arabic, while French is the country’s second language. In addition, several black-African idioms are spoken (wolof, pulaar and soninke).

Between July and August, the date festival (La Guetna or Fête des dattes) takes place in Mauritania, in conjunction with the collection of dates in the oases. In this period, families leave the cities or camps to gather in the palm groves, equipped with huts, where weddings are held in a festive setting and griot concerts take place. As in most Muslim countries, the religious tradition of henna is practiced in Mauritania as well.

With TransAfrica you can experience an authentic adventure between ancient and modern cities, facing the desert, in a unique mix of culture and nature.

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