Travel to the Gambia, the smallest state in West Africa
Travel to the Gambia, organized by TransAfrica, in the smallest state of West Africa, but still rich in unique landscapes, traditions and cultures to be discovered. The Gambia offers a beautiful coastline, a dense forest in the hinterland, the river Gambia, after which the country has been named, along its banks there are markets and fishermen, traditional cities with colonial-style buildings.
The country is located within Senegal, with the exception of the point where the river flows into the Atlantic Ocean. Gambia is one of the smallest states in West Africa in fact, it extends for only 350 km, with a maximum width of 50/60 km along the two banks of the lower course and the Gambia river estuary. In 1965 the country gained independence from the British Empire, with capital in Banjul, but larger urban areas in Serekunda and Brikama.
The Gambia is inhabited by different ethnic groups, each keeping its own language and traditions. The largest ethnic group is the Mandinka, followed by Fula, Wolof, Jola, Serahule, Serers and Bianunkas. The Krio people, on the other hand, constitute one of the smallest ethnic minorities in the country.
Travel to the Gambia with TransAfrica
The country has a very simple physical structure: flat morphology, with extensive Quaternary alluvial coverings, modest reliefs in the interior reaching the Fouta Djalon massif. The climate is tropical, while hydrography hinges on the Gambia river which flows through a dense forest. Otherwise, the savannah is the main landscape where the fauna is characterized by the presence of many crocodiles and insects.
The population speaks local dialects, but the official language is English. Regarding religions, Muslims make up 94.9% of the total population, with minorities of Christians, both Protestants and Catholics.
In the Gambia you cannot miss the UNESCO world heritages of the country, as James island, the meeting point of the two cultures: the African and the European. Moreover, the place is linked to both the start and the end of the slaves trade. The other world heritage is the Stone Circle of the Senegambia: four groups of stone circles that include more than 1.000 monuments within an area of 100km. The place shows an archaic, wealthy and structured society that lasted for long.
Another not to be missed destination during a tour to the Gambia is the beach of Sanyang, one of the most beautiful beach of the country. Surely, petting the crocodile of the West Africa Nile river at Kachikally the sacred crocodiles’ pool can be an unique experience; as well as experiencing the adventure on board of a 4X4 among schools, houses in the countryside and local distilleries. Many are the destinations surrounded by the country’s vegetation and fauna, like Makasutu cultural Forest, the National Park of the river Gambia, the numerous natural reserves.