GUINEA CONAKRY, LIBERIA & SIERRA LEONE
A new, intense, adventurous and refined itinerary in pure TransAfrica’s style will bring us at the heart of the African continent. We will discover lost villages, clay bas-relief, high waterfalls within the steep savannah of Fouta Djalon and the largest mountain massif in West Africa. We will drive down forgotten tracks and cross the longest liana bridges in the forest that hide the mystery of the birdmen and the longest liana-bridges of Africa.Masks and tam-tam echoes across the sacred woods while we will discover a villa revealing a forgotten part of “History” and ancestors reincarnated in chimpanzees. In Monrovia we will admire a rough coastline. Monrovia is the capital of Liberia: “Land of freemen” , the only country that has never been either a colony or a protectorate.
The freed slaves coming from the Americas developed the powerful Krio culture. Between Liberia and Sierra Leone, we will discover the discover the Krio culture’s places where the power lays, the metaphysical symbols of the unique architecture of wood and stone.
The trip ends with the visit to the intriguing Freetown peninsula and with some relax on Banana Island, the most spectacular island of the Gulf of Guinea; isolated beaches, sun and coves surrounded by a lush vegetation.
Day 1: CONAKRY Guinea Conakry
Arrival and transfer to hotel
Day 2: THE CAPITAL Guinea Conakry
Brief visit to the capital and to the interesting small museum. After leaving the traffic jam, we will head to the first mountains of Kindia village. Overnight in comfortable bungalows with A/C
Day 3: DALABA Guinea Conakry
The road will bring us at the heart of the Fouta Djalon massif. In the afternoon visit to Dalaba small and quiet town. Of an interest is the “casa a palabra” (the house of words) with fine bas-relief showing a Peul style. Here the chiefs used to get together to meet the colonial administration. Visit to the villa built by the colonial governor and later used by the first president of independent Guinea. The leader of the independence was Sekou Touré, one of the most radical activists against the colonialism; he kicked out the French and joined the Soviet Union’s side aligning with Ceausescu. Under Sekou Touré, the country became more and more isolated and the government turned into a dictatorship. Some villas used by the ministers and by the guests of Sekou Touré are reminiscences of that time. In these villas Miriam Makeba met and married Stokley Carmichael, an exile who was among the inspirators of the armed wing of Black Panter in the US.
Overnight in hotel built in the 20s, it witnes the Neo-Sudanese architecture of that time.
Day 4: FOUTA DJALON Guinea Conakry
Today we discover the largest massif of West Africa: Fouta Djalon where the mountains meet the savannah and the deep valleys hosting rice fields and forests. Here the highest waterfalls make the landscape more beautiful and site the “water basin” of West Africa. Thanks to a fresh climate, this region has been the most beloved holiday site during the colonial time. Peul people come from this area; Peul are known for their stunning beauty and for being the best zebu breeders od West Africa. In the XVII century the Fula’s (Peul) Jihad started from these mountains and they led the Peul to conquer the majority of savannah till Cameroun.
Visit to the small villages, after a 1.30H walk in the forest we will discover the Ditin waterfall which are the highest of the region (100mt). Arrival in Mamou.
Day 5: STONE GODS Guinea Conakry
Transfer day. Once in Mamou, we leave the mountains to cross the arboreal savannah. Kissi cultural group is known for praying stone gods called Pomo which have been mysterious found in the forest. Kissidougou (the city of Kissi) had a small but interesting museum which shows the ritual objects of the region.
Day 6: MARKETS Guinea Conakry
Due to the very poor road’s conditions we will move on slowly, even while driving on 4WD. This region is rich in markets, the Guekedou one, on the border with Sierra Leone, has been considered one of the largest of Africa,
Day 7: MYSTERS AND MASKS IN THE FORESTS Guinea Conakry
The region of Ziama forest is inhabited by Toma people. If we will be lucky, we will witness the “bird-men” coming out from the forest. When this happens, the entire village participates. While crossing the forests along forgotten tracks, we might need to cut and move trunks from the way. We will leave our 4WD and we will take a walk guided by a local ranger. We walk along a path in an emeraldine light which will take us to the high part of the mountain. Once we reach 1.000mt above the sea-level, we will discover the “villa Kinandou” hidden in a wild and lush vegetation. This villa tells the history of a century. It has been built in the colonial time by the governor of AOF (French West Africa) whose headquarter was in Dakar and used to come to these lands for short visits. Sekou Touré was a supporter of the Pan-Africanism and funder of the OUA (organization for the unity of Africa) together with Nasser and Kwame Nkrumah, the leader of the independency of Ghana. In 1966 with the degradation of the economical situation a military putsch overthrew the president of Ghana and Sekou Touré secretly hosted Nkrumah in this villa till 1972. Once the regime of Sekou Touré ended, the population of Guinea decided to get over of the past, so the dramatic time have been forgotten as the villa. The forest progressively covered the villa, the balcony is wrapped in lianas and the Soviet Union’s helicopters’ landing pad disappeared in the thick vegetation as much as the history of this time.
Day 8: LIANAS BRIDGES Guinea Conakry
The forest hides many secrets. The liana bridges are masterpiece of “tribal technology” and can measure 70-meter length. They are realized exclusively with vegetal materials, such as wood and lianas without the use of nails or rope nor other foreign materials to the forest. Only the initiated can build them, during the realization and the installation of the bridges neither the women nor not initiated are allowed in the forest, to guarantee the secrecy of this “magic engineering”. In this magic world we will attend the spectacular dance of birds masks.
Day 9: PRIMATES Guinea Conakry / Liberia
We will go to Bossou, where the small community of chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes) lives in the forest. The inhabitants consider them the reincarnation of their ancestors and therefore hunting them is forbidden. The chimpanzee are constantly monitored by the researchers and therefore they are easy to meet. Drive to the border with Liberia and arrival in Ganta.
Day 10: LIBERIA: THE LAND OF FREEMEN Liberia
Liberia is the only country which has never been either a colony or a protectorate; it has been fund by Krio, the freed slaves who came back to Africa from US, here comes the name “Liberia: the country of freemen”. Krio are 5% of the population and they are in control of large part of the economy and the politic, they are considered the creator of the nation and of the modern economy . 80% of the population speaks the Krio language, a sort of “Pidgin” English.
In the early afternoon, arrival in Monrovia. Our ocean-view hotel within the West Point is the best starting point to visit the city. Visit to the National Museum; it display the Krio architecture, large masks and ritual objects collection and a show about the civil war which took place from 1989 till 2003. A symbol of the city is what is left of the Ducor Palace Hotel, the extreme luxurious hotel with a swimming-pool facing the ocean. The hotel has hosted the local politic elite and its parties. According to the legend, Idi Amin used to swim caring a gun in his belt while his friend Miriam Makeba was singing. After being looted several times, the hotel is now abandoned.
Day 11: NATURE AND HISTORY Liberia
By foot, we will visit another main symbol of the town: the temple of the Masonic Lodge. The temple is the most significant symbol of the Krio culture and of its economic power. If lucky, we will be met by the Great Master who will explain us the history of this Lodge and of its crucial role in the history of the nation. In the afternoon we attend dancing masks
Day 12: DIAMONDS Liberia / Sierra Leone
Early departure. We cross the border with Sierra Leone, a new road will take us to the regions known for the diamonds which has made this country known. We will take a track to reach a village with huts made by clay and straw. In the village we will encounter a local who will take us to a place where we can meet the diamonds’ seekers. The local guide will explain us the technics of artisanal mining and “sand washing”. We go further to the lively town of Bo where, other than the market, we will visit a “diamond shop”.
Day 13: BUNDO: FEMALE INITIATION RITE MASKS Sierra Leone
In most parts of Africa, the masks are male’s prerogative however, among the Mende people and the neighbours populations, the masks Bundo are a female’s domain and they have a crucial role in the initiation rites. We reach a tiny village to assist at the exit of these masks, an event that calls for the participation of a colourful crowd. In the afternoon, we drive to the coast to reach Kent village where a boat will take us to Banana Island. Dinner and overnight in a fixed tented camp beautifully situated among a lush vegetation and the ocean; this will be our base for two nights.
Day 14: BANANA ISLAND Sierra Leone
After 13 days of tracks, mountains, savannah and forests, we will enjoy a day of relax at the beach on one of the most mythical islands of Sierra Leone.
Day 15: FREETOWN Sierra Leone
Once we reach the continent, we will drive along the coast at the slopes of the rocky Freetown peninsula, the country has been named after it, the Sierra of Lions: the mountains of lions. Short stop at the wild beaches of Bureh and of River number two, before arriving in Freetown. In 1786 the first 308 freed slaves came to Sierra Leone from US where they have fought the against independent war supporting the British, after having lost the war the British sent them to Sierra Leone. Few months after their arrival, the newcomers were starving, got new and unknown diseases and they fight with the locals, who hardly stand them.
Freetown (the town of the fried peoples) has been funded in 1792 by the United Kingdom and just two years after, during the Napoleon wars against the British, it has been attacked by seven military French ships who destroyed it. Few survivors escape on the pirogues sent by the slaves’ traders. In 1807, due to the abolition of the slave trade in Great Britain, the ships of the slave’s traders caught by the British navy started to free the slaves and sent them in Sierra Leone. In 1808 Freetown became the capital of the first British colony in tropical Africa. At that time Krio, or ex slaves, were around 50.000 and they made up an elite who pushed for a better education from the colonial administration; the cultural level reached, had led Freetown to be known as the “Athens of West Africa”.
Nowadays, maybe to forget about the dramatic origins, the civil war and Ebola, Freetown is a lively town known for its parties and where the nightlife goes on till the sunset. By foot we visit the interesting museum which contains the masks and the objects of the different ethnic groups; the Cotton Tree inhabited by thousands of bats near the luxurious palace of the Supreme Court; the nice cathedral of Saint George and the market are the town centre. We will have dinner in the lively quarter of Lumley, you will be amazed by the numerous restaurants of this quarter facing the ocean.
Day 16: SLAVES ISLAND Sierra Leone
Outboard sailing to discover Bunce Island. The island lays in the large estuary of the Rokel river that creates a gulf which used to be the preferred shore point by the slave traders’ ships. On the island we will visit the reminiscent of a large fortress, one of the main points where slaves used to be gathered together before being shipped to the Americas in the years between 1668 and 1807. The history witnes by this fort makes the visit impressive. End of sailing at Tagrin where we recover our vehicles bringing us to Lungi, rooms in day-use and transfer to Lungi international airport.
Guinea Conakry: e-visa https://www.paf.gov.gn/visa/
Liberia: single-entry visa needed. To be obtained prior the departure, at Embassy
Sierra Leone: visa available at the border (cost 100 USD).
VACCINATIONS: Yellow fever – compulsory; malaria prophylaxis highly recommended. Cholera at the moment don’t required, please check prior departure.
LUGGAGE: due to the exploratory itinerary, please to be contained in 20 kg (45 Lbs.) suggested duffle bags.
TRAVEL INSURANCE: Not included. Mandatory for medical assistance, repatriation, material and physical damages.
TRANSPORT: mainly 4WD vehicles, minibuses, short boat excursion.
MEALS: lunches: cold meals (picnics or sandwiches and fruit) or at restaurants. Dinners: at the hotel restaurants (pre-select menu). Included one bottle of water each day during the visits.
ACCOMODATIONS: in the main cities, international standard hotels, in the countryside, the best hotel available, mostly have rooms with A/C and en-suite. At Banana Island fixed tented camp.
NOTICE: The itinerary is designed to discover fascinating places, where the visit of a foreigner remains an exceptional event. Participants need to be cooperative, tolerant and flexible to fully enjoy their tour and appreciate the unique nature, as well as the spontaneous hospitality of the local populations, African magic and mystery, its metaphysics, ceremonies, life philosophies and religious beliefs that people are willing to share with us.
Itineraries, visits and overnight accommodations are subject to change or modification by the organizer due to force majeure and can be modified or adapted to local conditions.